All Problem’s

Problem 1 Missing Main Verb

                             S                                       V

The sound of the dryer         bothers           my concentration.

Incorrect:  In my opinion, too soon to make a decision.
Correct  :  In my opinion, it is too soon to make a decision.

Incorrect:  Do you know whether the movie that starts at seven?
Correct  :  Do you know whether the movie that starts at seven is good?
Or
Do you know whether the movie starts at seven?

Incorrect:  Sam almost always a lot of fun.
Correct  :  Sam is almost always a lot of fun.

Incorrect:  The book that I lent you having a good bibliography.
Correct  :  The book that I lent you has a good bibliography.

Problem 2 Verbs that Require an Infinitive in the Complemen

S                    V                       C (infinitive)                     M

We          had planned           to leave           day before yesterday.

Incorrect:  We demand knowing our status.
Correct  : We demand to know our status.

Incorrect:  I intend the inform you that we cannot approve your application.
Correct  : I intend to inform you that we cannot approve your application.

Incorrect:  They didn’t plan buying a car.
Correct  :  They didn’t plan to buy a car.

Incorrect:  The weather tends improving in May.
Correct  : The weather tends to improve  in May.

Problem 3 Verbs that Require an ing Form in the Complement

  S             V               C (infinitive)            M

  He       enjoys        traveling           by plane.

Incorrect:  We enjoyed talk with your friend.
Correct  :  We enjoyed talking with your friend.

Incorrect:  Hank completed the writing his thesis this summer.
Correct  : Hank completed writing his thesis this summer.

Incorrect:  I miss to watch the news when I am traveling.
Correct: I miss watching the news when I am traveling.

Incorrect:  She mentions to stop et El Paso in her letter.
Correct  : She mentions stopping et El Paso in her letter.

Problem 4  Verb Phrases that require an ingForm in the Complement

    S                V Ph             C (-ing)                  M

She        forgot about     canceling        her appointment.

Incorrect:  Let’s go to the movie when you get through to study.
Correct  : Let’s go to the movie when you through studying

Incorrect:  We can’t help to wonder why she left.
Correct  : We can’t help wondering why she left.

Incorrect:  I have been looking forward to meet you.
Correct  : I have been looking forward to meeting you.

Incorrect:  We wouldn’t mind to wait.
Correct  : We wouldn’t mind waiting.

PROBLEMS WITH TENSE

              S                            V (past)                           M

The concert                began              at eight oclock.

Incorrect:  Before she run the computer program, she had checked it out with her supervisor.
Correct  : Before she ran the computer program, she had checked it out with her supervisor.

Incorrect:  We eat dinner in Albuquerque on our vacation last year.
Correct  : We ate dinner in Albuquerque on our vacation last year.

Incorrect:  My nephew begun working for me about ten years ago.
Correct  : My nephew began working for me about ten years ago.

Incorrect:  I know that you been forty on your last birthday.
Correct  :  I know that you were forty on your last birthday.

Problem 6  Modal + Verb Word 

     S            modal         verb word

They         might              visit                us.

Incorrect:  Our friends might stopping to see us on their way to California.
Correct  : Our friends might stop to see us on their way to California.

Incorrect:  I would, if there is time, liking to make a phone call.
Correct  : I would, if there is time, like to make a phone call.

Incorrect:  Betty may, with effort, to pass this course.
Correct  : Betty may, with effort, pass this course.

Incorrect:  The flight should to be on time.
Correct  : The flight should be on time.

Problem 7   Logical Conclusions  Events in the Past

       S                  must have          participle       past time

My friend            must have             called          last night.

Incorrect:  This pen won’t write; it can have run out of ink (in the past).
Correct  : This pen won’t write; it must have run out of ink (in the past).

Incorrect:  The ring that I was looking at is gone; someone else must buy it.
Correct  : The ring that I was looking at is gone; someone else must have bought it.

Incorrect:  He doesn’t have his keys; he must locked them in his car.
Correct  : He doesn’t have his keys; he have locked them in his car.

Incorrect:  I don’t see Martha anywhere; she must be left early.
Correct  : I don’t see Martha anywhere; she must have left early.

Problem 8   Logical Conclusions  Events in the Present

            S                    must be           -ing             present tense

My friend            must be          calling                 now.

 

S             must be         adjective        present time

He          must be            upset                 now.

Incorrect:  Bob is absent; he must have been sick again (now).
Correct  :  Bob is absent; he must have be sick again (now).

Incorrect:  He is taking a walk; he must have felt better now.
Correct  :  He is taking a walk; he must have feeling better  now.

Incorrect:  She must be study at the library now because all of her books are gone.
Correct  :  She must be studing at the library now  because all of her books are gone.

Incorrect:  Sarah must get a divorce (now) because her husband is living in an apartment.
Correct  :  Sarah must be getting a divorce (now) because her husband is living in an apartment.

Problem 9      Logical Conclusions  Events that repeat

Example

            S                 must       verb word         repeated time    

My friend         must              call                     often.

Exercises

Incorrect:  The light is always out in her room at ten o’clock; she must have go to bed early every night.
Correct  :  The light is always out in her room at ten o’clock; she must go to bed early every night.

Incorrect:  Our neighbors must having a lot of money because they are always taking expensive
trips.
Correct  :  Our neighbors must have a lot of money because they are always taking expensive trips.

Incorrect:  He can like his job because he seems very happy.
Correct  :  He must like his job because he seems very happy.

Incorrect:  Her English is very good; she must spoken it often.
Correct  :  Her English is very good; she must speak it often.

Incorrect:  Carol always gets good grades; she should study a lot.
Correct  :  Carol always gets good grades; she must study a lot.

Problem 10    Knowledge and Ability  Know and Know How

Examples

S            KNOW               noun 

I             know            the answer.

S            KNOW            how               infinitive

I             know              how                           to answer             the question.

Exercises

Incorrect:  If she knew to drive, he would lend her his car.
Correct  :  If she knew how to drive,  he would lend her his car.

Incorrect:  I don’t know to use the card catalog in the library.
Correct  :  I don’t know how to use the card catalog in the library.

Incorrect:  Until he came to the United States to study, he didn’t know to cook
Correct  :  Until he came to the United States to study, he didn’t know how to cook.

Incorrect:  Do you know to type?
Correct  :  Do you know how to type?

Incorrect:  You’ll have to help her because she doesn’t know to do it.
Correct  :  You’ll have to help her because she doesn’t know how to do it.

Problem 11   Past Custom  Used to and BE Used to

S                 used to              verb word

He              used to                     live              in the country.

 S               BE              used to          -ing form

He            was              used to              living            in the country.

Incorrect: We use to go to the movies quite frequently.
Correct  : We used to go to the movies quite frequently.
or
We were used to going to the movies quite frequently.

Incorrect:  She was used to get up early.
Correct  : She used to get up early.
or
She was used to getting up early.

Incorrect:  He was used to drink too much.
Correct  : He used to drink too much.
or
He was used to drinking too much.

Incorrect:  She used to speaking in public.
Correct  : She used to speak in public.
or
She was used to speaking in public.

Problem 12  Advisability  Had Better

         S         had better     verb word

You       had better            take         chemistry 600 this semester.

  
        S       had better    not    verb word

      You     had better     not         take          chemistry 600 this semester.

Incorrect:  We had better made reservations so that we will be sure of  getting a good table.
Correct  : We ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­had better make reservations so that we will be sure of getting a good table.

Incorrect:  We had better to check the schedule.
Correct  : We had better had better check schedule.

Incorrect:  You had better don’t quit your job until you find another one.
Correct  : You had better had better not quit your job until you find another one.

Incorrect:  You had better don’t go alone.
Correct  : You had better had better not go alone.

Problem 13 Preference  Would Rather

S          would rather     verb word

I           would rather            drive.

S          would rather          not     verb word

I           would rather           not          drive.

Incorrect:  If you don’t mind, I’d rather not going.
Correct  : If you don’t mind, Id rather not go.

Incorrect:  He said that he’d rather went to a small college instead of to a  large university.
Correct  :  He said that hed rather go to a small college instead of to a large university.

Incorrect:  I’d rather writing this than print it because I don’t print well.
Correct  : Id rather write this than print it because I don’t print well.

Incorrect:  Greg would rather has a Pepsi than a beer.
Correct  :   Greg would rather have a Pepsi than a beer.

Problem 14  Preference for Another  Would Rather That

S          would rather         that          S       V(past)

I          would rather          that         you      drove.

S           would rather         that          S           didnt       verb word

I           would rather          that         you       didnt             drive.

Incorrect:  Diane would rather that her husband doesn’t working so hard.
Correct  : Diane would rather that her husband didn’t work so hard.

Incorrect:  The dean would rather that students make appointments instead of dropping by.
Correct  : The dean would rather that students made appointments instead of dropping by.

Incorrect:  My roommate would rather that I don’t keep the light on after ten o’clock.
Correct  : My roommate would rather that I didnt keep the light on after ten o’clock.

Incorrect:  We’d rather that you should come tomorrow.
Correct  : I didnt keep that you came tomorrow.

Problem 15 Negative Imperatives

Please dont        verb word

Please dont                tell           anyone

Would you please not        verb word

Would you please not                tell               anyone

Incorrect:  Please don’t to park here.
Correct  : Please dont park here.
or
Would you please not park here.

Incorrect:  Would you please not to be late
Correct  : Please dont  be late.
or
Would you please not be late

Incorrect:  Please don’t  to go yet
Correct  : Please don’t  go yet.
or
Would you please not to go yet.

Incorrect:  Would you please don’t worry
Correct  :  Please dont worry.
or
Would you please not worry.

Problem 16 Causative MAKE

     S                  MAKE            someone         verb word
His mother       made him              take           his medicine.

S            MAKE          something           verb word
      I              made           the machine              work

Incorrect:  Are you going to make your daughter to work part time in the store this summer?
Correct   :  Are you going to make your daughter work part time in the store this summer

Incorrect:  I can’t seem to make this dishwasher running.
Correct  :  I can’t seem to make this dishwasher run .

Incorrect: Pasty makes everyone doing his share around the house
Correct  :  Pasty makes everyone do his share around the house.

Problem 17 Causative GET

      S       GET     someone     infinitive
Lets       get        Ralph           to go        with us.

 S        GET     something   participle
Lets       get        our car          fixed        first.

Incorrect:  Let’s get some of our money exchange for dollars.
Correct  :  Let’s get some of our money exchanged  for dollars.

Incorrect:  Nora got her mother’s wedding dress to alter so that it fit perfectly.
Correct  :  Nora got her mothers wedding dress altered  so that it fit perfectly.

Incorrect:  We will have to get someone fixing the phone right away.
Correct  :  We will have to get someone to fix  the phone right away.

Problem 18 Causative HAVE

     S                    HAVE         someone        verb word
My English teacher        had                  us                   give         oral reports.
 
S            HAVE            something            participle
I       want to have        this book              renewed,        please

ncorrect:  They had their lawyer to change their wills.
Correct  :  They had their lawyer change  their wills.

Incorrect:  I like the way you had the beautician done your hair.
Correct  :  I like the way you had the beautician do  your hair.

Incorrect:  We are going to have our car fix before we go to Toronto.
Correct  :  We are going to have our car fixed before we go to Toronto.

Problem 19 Causative LET

             S                 LET        someone        verb                 word
His mother       let              him                   go              to school.

S          LET                    something            verb word
I      am letting        this machine               cool

Incorrect:  Would you let us the borrow your notes?
Correct  :  Would you let us borrow  your notes?

Incorrect:  Larry is so good-hearted, he lets people took advance of him.
Correct  :  Larry is so good-hearted, he lets people take  advance of him.

Incorrect:  Don’t let that brothers you.
Correct  :  Don’t let that brother you.

Problem 20 Causative HELP

Remember that HELP can be used as a causative. In a causative, a person does not perform an action directly. With HELP, a person assists another person to do it.
S             HELP                someone         verb word/infinitive          
He        is helping             me                           type                   my paper
He        is helping             me                         to type                my paper

Incorrect:  My teacher helped me getting this job.
Correct  :  My teacher helped me get this job.
or
My teacher helped me to get this job.

Incorrect:  Bob said that he would help our finding the place.

Correct  :  Bob said that he would help us find the place.
or
Bob said that he would help us to find the place.

Incorrect:  This book should help you understanding the lecture.
Correct  :  This book should help you understand  the lecture.
                        or

This book should help you understand  the lecture
This book should help you to understand  the lecture.

Problem 21 Factual Conditionals–Absolute, Scientific Results

                            CONDITION                                                       RESULT

    If               S                       V (present) ,                   S                V (present)

    If         a catalyst               is used     ,      the reaction          occurs        more rapidly

                                                                              Or
CONDITION                                                            RESULT

    If           S                    V (present) ,             S                    will       verb word

   If     a catalyst           is used       ,  the reaction     will           occur         more rapidly

Incorrect:  If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they withered and died.
Correct  :  If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they wither and die.
or
If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they will wither and die.

Incorrect: If the trajectory of a satellite will be slightly off at lunch, it will get worse as the flight                    progresses.
Correct  :  If the trajectory of a satellite is slightly off at lunch, it gets worse as the flight progresses.                                                                              or
If the trajectory of a satellite is slightly off at lunch,it will get worse as the flight                            progresses.

Incorrect: If light strikes a rough surface, it diffused.
Correct  :  If light strikes a rough surface, it diffuse .
or
If light strikes a rough surface,it will diffuse .

Problem 22 Factual Conditionals  Probable Results
For the Future

will
can
If          S          V (present)     ,     S       may      verb word

If         we     find her address  ,    we      will           write          her

will
can
S         may       verb word       if         S          V (present)
We       will         write her       if        we                 find         her address

Incorrect:  We will wait if you wanted to go
Correct  :  We will wait if you want  to go
or
If you want  to go, we will wait.

Incorrect:  If you listen to the questions carefully, you answer them easily.
Correct  :  If you listen to the questions carefully, you will answer  them easily.
or
You will answer them easily if you listen to the questions carefully.

Incorrect: If we finished our work a little early today, we’ll attend the lecture at the art museum.
Correct  : If we finish our work a little early today, well attend the lecture at the art museum.
or
well attend the lecture at the art museum if we finish our work a little early today.

Problem 23 Factual Conditionals  Possible Results

                                                                would
                                                                 could

If         S            V (past) ,                           S       might       verb word
If         we           found     her address,   we      would           write          her
If         we           found     her address,   we      could            write          her
If         we           found     her address,   we      might            write          her

                                                                  or

                                                               would
                                                                could

  S         might       verb word                          if        S        V (past)
We       would           write        her     if       we        found       her address

We       could            write         her    if       we        found       her address
We       might            write        her    if       we        found        her address

Incorrect:  If Judi didn’t drink so much coffee, she wouldn’t have been so nervous.
Correct  :   If Judi didnt drink so much coffee, she wouldnt be  so nervous.
or
Judi wouldnt be so nervous if she didnt drink so much coffee.

Incorrect:  If you would go to bed earlier, you wouldn’t be so sleepy in the morning.
Correct  :  If you went  to bed earlier, you wouldnt be so sleepy in the morning.
or
You wouldnt be so sleepy in the morning if you went to bed earlier.

Incorrect: If she would eat fewer sweets, she would lose weight.
Correct  : If she ate  fewer sweets, she would lose weight.
or
She would lose weight if she ate  fewer sweets.

Problem 24 Factual Conditionals  Probable Changes In Past Results

                                                                             would have
                                                                              could have

If        S       had                   participle ,                          S          might          have     participle
If      we       had         found     her address,     we        would          have        written        her

If      we       had         found     her address,     we        could           have        written         her
If      we       had         found     her address,     we        might           have        written        her

Incorrect: If her mother let her, Anne would have stayed longer.
Correct  :  If her mother had let herAnne would have stayed longer.
or
 Anne would have stayed longer if her mother had let  her.

Incorrect:  If we would have known that she had planned to arrive today, we could have met her at the
bus station.
Correct  :  If we had known  that she had planned to arrive today, we could have mether at the bus
station.
or
We had known  her at the bus station if we had known that she had planned to arrive today.

Incorrect:  If I had more time, I would have checked my paper again.
Correct  :  If I had had  more time, I would have checked my paper again.
or
I would have checked my paper again if I had had more time.

Problem 25 ContrarytoFact ConditionalsImpossible Results Were

If               S                were

If         the party         were         on Friday, we could go.

Incorrect:  If the meat was a little more done, this would be             an excellent meal.
Correct  :  If the meat were a little more done, this would be an excellent meal. (The meat is not done)
or
This would be an excellent meal if the meat were a little more done. (The meat is not done)

Incorrect:  If my daughter is here, I would be very happy.
Correct  :  If my daughter were here, I would be very happy.  (My daughter is not here)
or
I would be very happy If my daughter were  here.  (My daughter is not here)

Incorrect:  This apartment be perfect if it were a little larger.
Correct  :  This apartment  be perfect if it were a little larger. (The apartment is not larger.)
or
If it were a little larger, this apartment  be perfect. (The apartment is not larger.)

Problem 27  Importance–Subjunctive–Verbs
S                 V             that          S              V
Mr. Johnson    prefers        that         she         speak        with him personally

Incorrect: The foreign student advisor recommended that she studied more English before enrolling at
the university.
Correct : The foreign student advisor recommended that she  study  more English before enrolling at
the university.

Incorrect:  The law requires that everyone has his car checked at least once a year.
Correct  :  The law requires that everyone have  his car checked at least once a year.

Incorrect:  She insisted that they would give her a receipt.
Correct  :  She insisted that they  give her a receipt.

Problem 28 ImportanceNouns Derived from Subjunctive Verbs
demand; insistence; preference; proposal;
recommendation; request; requirement; suggestion.

noun                    that        S         verb word
The recommendation      that       we              be           evaluated was approved

Incorrect: She ignored the suggestion that she gets more exercise.
Correct  : She ignored the suggestion that she get  more exercise.

Incorrect: The terrorist’s demand that the airline provides a plane will not be met by deadline.
Correct  : The terrorist’s demand that the airline provide  a plane will not be met by deadline.

Incorrect: He regretted not having followed his advisor’s recommendation that he dropping the class.
Correct  : He regretted not having followed his advisor’s recommendation that he drop  the class.

Problem 29 ImportanceImpersonal Expressions
essential;                     imperative;
important;                  necessary.

It is      adjective         infinitive                                 
It is      important       to verify           the     data

                                                 or

It is      adjective         that             S              verb word              
It is      important       that        the data         be verify      

Incorrect: It is important that I will speak with Mr. Williams immediately.
Correct  :  It is important to speak with Mr. William immediately.                                                 
or
It is important that I speak with Mr. Williams immediately.

Incorrect:  It is imperative that your signature appears on your identification card.
Correct  :   It is imperative to sign  your identification card.
or
It is imperative that your signature appear on your identification card.

Incorrect:  It is essential that all applications and transcripts are filed no later than July 1.
Correct  :  It is essential to file all  all applications and transcripts are filed no later than July 1.
or
It is essential that all applications and transcripts be  filed no later than July 1.

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